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How Do Smart Contracts Work?  

If you’re new to NFTs (non-fungible tokens) and cryptocurrency, then you may have heard the term ‘smart contract.’ Smart contracts are essential to NFTs and they are a great way for creators to take control of the terms of sale. They allow creators to set the percentage of royalties and other contractual terms for NFTs. 

What is a Smart Contract?  

A smart contract is programming that lives on the blockchain. This enables the network to store the data supplied in an NFT transaction. Once done, this data may be accessed as needed. 

 Benefits of a Smart Contract 

Smart contracts are beneficial because they can be fine-tuned to the creator’s specifications on the rules of engagement for purchasing NFTs. For instance, the number of times an item can be resold or duplicated, as well as the distribution of royalty terms can all be defined and locked in on a smart contract. Smart contracts create a deeper sense of trust between the creator and the buyer. Once conditions have been agreed upon, they cannot be changed. 

Additionally, smart contracts are extremely secure and tough to hack into. They are the core of any NFT because they provide a wide range of applications for future transactions, such as mortgages, legal fields, and other business-related processes. 

What makes up a smart contract?  

NFTs are composed of software code bundled in smart contracts and are designed to provide considerable benefits to NFT creators. The code can establish the limitations on a buyer’s NFT usage, as well as collect automatic royalty fees from resale transactions, and offer proof of possession. When the smart contract’s code is finished being executed, it is minted in permanence on a blockchain such as Ethereum or Stellar. 

How do Smart Contracts Work?  

When you buy an NFT, you will receive a one-of-a-kind token with all the smart contract’s data. The transaction is saved on the blockchain. This data, which includes transaction records and proof of ownership, is now available on the blockchain. Next, the owner can then, display and/or sell the item. If the image is reconstructed, the blockchain will prove ownership, rendering the reconstructed photos or assets meaningless. Only the owner’s private key is used on the blockchain to facilitate the exchange of any NFT. NFTs may be used for more than just transactions.   

NFTs can be claimed and distributed via a smart contract. An NFT can integrate smart contracts to allow users access to their assets. For example, a buyer can use a smart contract to watch a video or listen to a song.  Both parties would approve the terms of a smart contract, then pay the agreed-upon funds and obtain access to the acquired media.